Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Mythology The chief Mesopotamian tutelary deity, invoked to assure prosperity.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. chief deity listed and written about in ancient Sumerian, Akkadian, Hittite, Canaanite and other Mesopotamian clay and stone tablets; the god of breath, wind, loft, and breadth

Etymologies

Sumerian, folk-etymological alteration (influenced by en, lord, and lil, wind) of illil, ellil, of Semitic origin; see אl in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • At that time, the gods Anu and Enlil, for the enhancement of the well-being of the people, named me by my name Hammurabi, the pious prince, who venerates the gods, to make justice prevail in the land, to abolish the wicked and the evil, to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak, to rise like the sun-god Shamash himself associated with dispensing justice over all humankind to illuminate the land.3

    In the Valley of the Shadow

  • The Biblical version of the Flood utterly transforms the thematics of the Sumerian story by combining the roles of Enlil, king of gods, who orders the deluge, and Enki, god of wisdom, who warns the hero of its coming.

    Creative Control - Part 4

  • Then he came across the names, of Enlil and his wife, Ninlil, and the story of how Enlil took three forms and impregnated his wife three times, and from those three unions sprang Nergal, and Ninazu, and one other, one whose name was lost, rendered illegible by the damage to the old stones on which the story had been written.

    The Whisperers

  • Enlil walks out of town in the direction of the underworld, and the pregnant Ninlil follows him.

    The God App - The Panda's Thumb

  • Enlil impersonates a gatekeeper, a man in charge of the underworld river, and the ferryman to the underworld, and as each of these personages, he has sex with Ninlil, impregnating her with three deities who will reside in the underworld as substitutes for Nanna the moon, who will thus be free to rise to heavens where he belongs.

    The God App - The Panda's Thumb

  • When this story begins, the gods have apparently already established cities, for Enlil, the goddess Ninlil “lady wind” or “lady air” and her mother Ninshebargunu are dwelling in their temples in the city of Nippur.

    The God App - The Panda's Thumb

  • Since Enlil does not want his son the moon to reside in the underworld, he concocts a rather bizarre plan.

    The God App - The Panda's Thumb

  • Ninlil refuses, saying she is too young to make love, so Enlil devises a plan.

    The God App - The Panda's Thumb

  • The new epoch, the shifting of the celestial Bull to the celestial Ram, would also initiate the shifting of power from Enlil to Marduk.

    Amaterasu, mythology or history?

  • Perhaps some of them chose to stay there and the Brahmans Apollonius visited could have been Igigi/Titans, or their descendants, who ran away after they had been defeated by Zeus (Enlil).

    Amaterasu, mythology or history?

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