from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to Finland or the Finns.
- n. A branch of Finno-Ugric that includes Finnish, Estonian, and Lapp.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A subset of the family of Finno-Ugric languages that includes Finnish, Estonian, Sami (Lapp), Mordvin, Udmurt, Komi and Mari.
- adj. Of or pertaining to Finnic languages.
- adj. Finnish.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to the Finns.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining or relating to the Finns as a race, or to the group of languages spoken by them; Finnish, in the most general sense: as, the Magyars are a Finnic people.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. one of two branches of the Finno-Ugric languages; a family of languages including Finnish and Estonian (but not Hungarian)
Sorry, no etymologies found.
For those who buy into Nostratic or Indo-Uralic there's a possible cognate in Uralic, *t, which is used to form participles and infinitives in Finnic, Saami, Ob-Ugrian, and Samoyedic.
Scholars have therefore seen gradation in Balto-Finnic and Lapp as the result of parallel, but separate development to the gradation in Samoyed. see link.
The ancient meaning of "ale" can be corroborated by the Baltic "alus" and Finnic "olut", both meaning simply "beer", both still apparently retaining a reflex of the lost *-θ.
The interesting part begins when I found out that according to the current understanding 1, a coda laryngeal was regenerated in derivativs after its initial decay into Finnic vowel length, and it has, as far as I can tell, the same outcomes as coda *ŋ.
I once met a HS teacher whose married name was ~15 letters long and not from any language I could recognize Indo-E, Finnic, Turkic, Semitic, E-Asian.
Turanians on the North and East, to the Tungusic, Mongolic, Tartaric, and Finnic tribes.
Still he regards the Magyar and Finnic languages as having greater mutual affinities than the others, though not to such a degree that one of these races of men can be supposed to be derived from the other.
Slavs was greater on the right bank of the Danube, where they overwhelmed the Thraco-Roman population by weight of numbers, and denationalized the Finnic Bulgars who settled in the country in the seventh century.
Eastern soil, flanked on all sides by the most widely dissimilar peoples — Orientals, Finnic-Ugrians and Slavs — some of them dangerous neighbours just beyond the border, others settled on
This people was divided into two parts by the invasion of the Finnic-Ugrian Bulgars, and the expansion of the Slavs.
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