American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- See Taiwan.
- n. The name given to Taiwan island (Ilha Formosa, "Beautiful Isle") by passing Portuguese mariners in 1544.
- n. The name of a province of Argentina.
- n. A city of Argentina, capital of Formosa Province.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An island off the coast of China, also called
Taiwan. It was occupied by Japan from 1895 to 1945, when it was returned to Chinese sovereignty. After the Communist revolution which took over the Chinese mainland in 1949, the Nationalist Chinese under Chang Kai-Shek retreated to the island of Formosa and established that island as the base of their government, being recognized for several years as the de jurepossessor of the China seat in the United Nations. The capital is Taipei. As of 1998, both the Taiwan government and the mainland China government recognized Taiwan as properly a part of China, but the island is currently ruled as a de factoindependent nation, though it does not possess a seat in the United Nations. The question of when and under what circumstances the island will be reunited with the mainland government is still unresolved.
- n. an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
- From Portuguese formosa ("beautiful"), from Latin formosus ("beautifully formed"), from forma ("form, shape") + the adjective suffix -osus ("full of"). (Wiktionary)
“It seems that the attack on the missionaries and native Christians in Formosa originated from similar stories.”
“He enclosed a copy of the edict and requested that the governor propagate it in Formosa and enforce it by confiscating the junks and property of any who disobeyed.”
“Note 86: Inez de Beauclair, "Dutch Beads in Formosa?”
“It appeared that nearly all the Chinese colonists in Formosa believed the rumors about Chenggong's plans.”
“Tingbin, they said, had helped formulate the plans and had told Chenggong that Chinese residents in Formosa, especially those who lived in Tingbin's former lands and buildings, would greet Chenggong with open arms. 49”
“Note 70: Cited in C.R. Boxer, "The Siege of Fort Zeelandia and the Capture of Formosa from the Dutch, 1661 – 1662," Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society London, 27 (1927): 16 – 47, esp.”
“Note 56: A classic account of the events that follow van der Laan's dispatch is found in one of C.R. Boxer's earliest articles: "The Siege of Fort Zeelandia and the Capture of Formosa from the Dutch, 1661 – 1662," Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society London, 27 (1927): 16 – 47. back”
“Note 26: Governor Pedro Palomino to Governor-General Sebastian Hurtado de Corcuera, Jilong, Formosa, letter, 8 October 1638, AGI Escribanía 409B, 90 – 93, esp. 91 and 93 (Borao Mateo, Spaniards in Formosa, 288 – 92). back”
“Note 27: Hernando de Herrera to Governor-General Corcuera, Formosa, letter, 30 September 1638, AGI Escribanía 409B, 96 – 97, quote at 96 (Borao Mateo, Spaniards in Formosa, 285 – 87). back”
“Richardson, W.J. "Early Missionary Activity in Formosa, 1624 – 1662.”
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