Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of liliaceous bulbous plants, nearly allied to the lily. There are about 40 species, chiefly of the temperate parts of Europe and Asia, with 8 species on the Pacific side of North America. They have leafy stems and large, drooping, bell-shaped flowers. The largest species, and the one best known in cultivation. is the crown-imperial, F. imperialis. The guinea-hen flower or snake's-head, F. Meleagris, and some others are occasionally seen in gardens.
- n. In zoology, a genus of copelate ascidians, of the family Appendiculariidæ. They have a tail half as long again as the body, a curved endostyle, and a hood-like fold of the integument. F. furcata and F. formica are examples.
- n. A taxonomic genus within the subfamily Lilioideae — the fritillaries.
- n. A taxonomic genus within the family Fritillariidae — many small free-swimming tunicates.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of liliaceous plants, of which the crown-imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is one species, and the Guinea-hen flower (F. Meleagris) another. See crown-imperial.
- n. fritillary.
- Latin fritillus ("dice-box"). (Wiktionary)
“The word Fritillaria comes from the Latin word for dice-box, referring to the checkered pattern found, to a greater or lesser degree, on all the blossoms.”
“The record holder among plants for 34 years was a species called Fritillaria assyriaca, until earlier this year when a group of Dutch scientists found that a natural hybrid of trillium and hagae, related to the herb paris, had a genome four percent larger than the fritillary at 132.50 pg.”
“Last fall Caleb gave me some Fritillaria imperialis bulbs and look at what happened — they grew!”
“They were supposed to be Fritillaria uva-vulpis, a small, subtle species.”
“I can attest to years of experience with nobody bothering Allium, Camassia and most Fritillaria.”
“I love the two-toned Muscari latifolium and Fritillaria uva vulpis.”
“The Fritillaria are somewhere on the other side of charming, Frances.”
“Fritillaria meleagris has happily proven to be a mixture of white and purples.”
“Yours might be the only comment! lol The checkered plants are Fritillaria meleagris, too cute for words!”
“The parade of little bulbs includes crocus, winter aconite, dwarf iris (Iris reticulata), puschkinia (Pushkinia libanotica), checkered lilies (Fritillaria meleagris), spring starflower (Ipheion uniflorum), species tulips and grape hyacinth.”
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