from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Philip II 1 382-336 B.C. King of Macedon (359-336) who built the army that defeated a Greek coalition at Chaeronea (338) and achieved a peace settlement in which all the states except Sparta participated.
  • Philip II 2 1165-1223. King of France (1180-1223). His reign was marked by greater control over feudal lords and an expansion of royal territories.
  • Philip II 3 1527-1598. King of Spain (1556-1598), of Naples and Sicily (1554-1598), and of Portugal (1580-1598) as Philip I. In 1588 he launched the Spanish Armada in an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.


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