Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of plants, the type of order Gentianaceæ. They are perennial or annual herbs, with opposite, entire, and glabrous leaves, and usually showy, bright-colored flowers. There are about 180 species, found in the mountains and temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, throughout the Andes, and very sparingly in Australia and New Zealand; over 40 are natives of the United States. The flowers are usually blue, but are sometimes yellow, white, or (in the Andes) red. All the species are characterized by an extremely bitter principle, without astringency or acridity, on which account the roots of various species, especially of the European G. lutea, are used in medicine as a tonic. See
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The type genus of the
Gentianaceae; it is a genus of herbs nearly cosmopolitan in cool temperate regions; in some classifications it includes the genera Gentianopsis and Gentianella.
- n. type genus of the Gentianaceae; cosmopolitan genus of herbs nearly cosmopolitan in cool temperate regions; in some classifications includes genera Gentianopsis and Gentianella
“In association with the shrub complex are a variety of herbs such as Gentiana prolata, G. stellata, edelweiss Leontopodium stracheyi, Codonopsis thalictrifolia, Thalictrum chelidonii, lilies Lilium nepalense and Notholirion macrophyllum, Fritillaria cirrhosa and primroses, Primula denticulata, P. atrodentata, P. wollastonii and P. sikkimensis.”
“Forb species that respond favorably to high grazing pressure include Gentiana spp.,”
“Thalictrum alpinum, and more than ten species of Gentiana.”
“Potentilla, Pedicularis, Primula, Lancea, Gentiana, and monocots such as Allium are some of the more abundant forbs.”
“Associated herbs are gentians, Gentiana ornata and G. algida var. przewalskii, edelweiss Leontopodium jacotianum and Himalayan blue poppy Meconopsis horridula.”
“An additional 10,350 ha, from 1,700 m to 2,020 m, supports isolated individuals of parahebes Parahebe sp., gentian Gentiana gellidifolia, buttercup and others, although above 2,000 m the only obvious plants are crustose lichens.”
“About 3,500 vascular plant species are recorded from the mountains, of which about 200 are endemic, such as Thalictrum macrocarpum, Androsace hirtella, Saxifraga hariotii, Hieracium compositum, Gentiana burseri, Globularia gracilis, and Galium caespitosum.”
“A rich, unique herb flora of Anemone begoniifolia, Gentiana cephalantha, Gerbera piloselloides, Inula cappa, Lilium bakerianum, L. ochraceum, Primula denticulata, and Senecio densiflora grows in these open forests, considered a fire-maintained preclimax community.”
“Genera include Rhododendron, the pretty herbs Gentiana, and grass Deschampsia.”
“The flora, especially on the limestone which is one of the most active centers of floristic speciation in the Balkans, includes many rare species such as the Pirin poppy, Papaver pirinica, golden aquilegia Aquilegia aurea, yellow gentian Gentiana lutea and edelweiss Leontopodium alpinum.”
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