from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A subdivision of the Insular Celtic languages that includes Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx.
- adj. Of or relating to the Gaels.
- adj. Of or relating to Goidelic.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Relating to the Goidels.
- n. Division of the Celtic languages including Irish, Gaelic and Manx.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the Goidels.
- n. The language of the Goidels ancient Celtic of the branch represented by Old Irish, and by modern Irish and Gaelic.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any of several related languages of the Celts in Ireland and Scotland
As the type of Celtic speech that has penetrated farthest to the west is that known as the Goidelic or Irish, it has not unreasonably been thought that this must have been the type that arrived in Britain first.
The name Sorcha Faal "comes from the ancient Gaeilge branch of the Goidelic languages of Ireland" and has the meaning of: Sorcha: She Who Brings Light; Faal: the Dark and Barren Place.
Then there are two forms there that are more Goidelic than Brythonic.
They belong to the Goidelic or Q-Celtic branch of Celtic languages, AFAIK, and Welsh, Breton, and Cornish are Brythonic or P-Celtic.
Brythonic rather than Goidelic; and Dr. Rhys surmises that it is really an older form of speech, neither Goidelic nor Brythonic, and probably not allied to either, although, in the form in which its fragments have come down to us, it has been deeply affected by Brythonic forms.
Goidels and Brythons must at one period have met; but the result of the meeting was to drive the Goidels into the Highlands, where the Goidelic or Gaelic form of speech still remains different from the Welsh of the descendants of the Britons.
While in the extreme north, Ross, Cromarty, Sutherland, and Caithness, the Church remained missionary rather than parochial, in the Scotland of the south monasticism became prominent again under a new order called, in Goidelic, "Culdees" (servants of God).
Goidels, Celtic stock in Ireland, 53; Goidelic language, 119
There is a similar line of cleavage in the Italic languages, where Latin corresponds to Goidelic, and Oscan and Umbrian to
Goidelic population or ascribe them wholly to Irish immigrants.
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