American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Hammurabi Died 1750 B.C. Babylonian king (1792-1750) who made Babylon the chief Mesopotamian kingdom and codified the laws of Mesopotamia and Sumeria.
- n. The sixth king of Babylon.
- n. Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
“At that time, the gods Anu and Enlil, for the enhancement of the well-being of the people, named me by my name Hammurabi, the pious prince, who venerates the gods, to make justice prevail in the land, to abolish the wicked and the evil, to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak, to rise like the sun-god Shamash himself associated with dispensing justice over all humankind to illuminate the land.3”
“Hammurabi is an examplary figure of the ensi, first to put the Law in written form.”
“I can imagine the monolith in a museum, like the code of Hammurabi, which is full of stuff about how grievances about slaves are to be settled, this one crammed with Americana iconography.”
“_ Prof. Clay, it should be added, clings to the older reading, Hammurabi, which is retained in this volume.”
“His successors built it up, and then a brilliant ruler name Hammurabi took power as the sixth king of Babylon from 1792 to 1750 B.C.”
“A conscientious monarch, such as Hammurabi, who describes himself as "a real father to his people," must have been a very busy man.”
“This state of things was fastened all the more firmly on the people by strong kings such as Hammurabi, who lived about B.C. 2000 and who unified the country under a powerful central government with his own city, Babylon, as the capital.”
“There is however very little resemblance between the Laws of Moses and those of Hammurabi and if either of the two were influenced by the other then it was "Hammurabi" (i.e. the scribe writing in his name more than that a thousand years after his time) who copied”
“Hammurabi", writes Professor Pinches, "seems to speak of the Euphrates as being”
“Laws regulating financial interactions survive from as early as the eighteenth century BC, when King Hammurabi of Babylon had a number of them written in Mesopotamian stone, or rather rock, namely superhard diorite.”
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