American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A mountain range of southwest Asia extending more than 805 km (500 mi) westward from northern Pakistan to northeast Afghanistan. It is crossed by several high-altitude passes used as invasion and trade routes since ancient times. The highest elevation is Tirich Mir, 7,695.2 m (25,230 ft), in Pakistan.
- n. a mountain range extending to the west of the Himalayas
- From Persian هِندوکُش (Hendukuš) "Mountains of the Indus / of India". According to 19th century reports also interpreted a "Hindu-slayer" in popular etymology. Attested in English from the 18th century. (Wiktionary)
“The most unlikely option was the easternmost route, the Khawak Pass, at twelve thousand feet above sea level the highest and most difficult trail north through the Hindu Kush into Bactria.”
“Twenty years after Alexander had fought so hard to gain control over the area, Seleucus met Chandragupta and ceded sovereignty of his Indian possessions up to the Hindu Kush in exchange for five hundred war elephants to use against his enemies in the west.”
“Rumours grew that Akbar Khan, son of old Dost Mo-hammed whom we had deposed, had come down out of the Hindu Kush at last and was gathering support among the chiefs; he was the darling of the warrior clans, they said, and presently he would sweep down on Kabul with his hordes, fling Sujah from his throne, and either drive the feringhees back to India or slaughter them all in their cantonment.”
“The crossing of the Hindu Kush and the parching deserts of Bactria had been hard on the men, but it had also taken an enormous toll on the horses.”
“They made their living through pastoralism, brigandage, and export of the few resources they had to offer, including pistachios and lapis lazuli—the Hindu Kush being the only known source for this precious blue stone in the ancient world.”
“Bactria: Region in central Asia between the Oxus River on the north and the Hindu Kush mountains to the south, it included much of modern Afghanistan.”
“It had been months since Alexander had crossed the Hindu Kush into Bactria and Sogdiana.”
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