from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A taxonomic tribe within the subfamily Homininae — including Homo and, in some interpretations, also Pan.
(˜Hominin™ refers, as did ˜hominid™ until very recently, to Homo sapiens together with fossil species of ape to which Homo sapiens are more closely related than we are to chimpanzees; these include the Australopithecines, extinct species of Homo, etc., making up the tribe Hominini within the sub-family Homininae.)
Edit hominin Hominini hominine Homininae hominid Hominidae hominoid Hominoidea anyone else thinking of Ed Norton?
Re “A hominin is a member of the tribe Hominini,…”
A hominin is a member of the tribe Hominini, a hominine is a member of the subfamily Homininae, a hominid is a member of the family Hominidae, and a hominoid is a member of the superfamily Hominoidea.
• In addition, a new level of classification is created, called tribes: • Hominini for humans and pre-humans • Gorillinae for the gorillas • Panini for the chimpanzees.
However, a second consideration makes it more compelling to divide the taxa into lower-level designations — that is to make our family divisions more consistent with the level of variation and relatedness found among other families of the primates (Delson et al., 2000) Thus the trend among paleoanthropologists is to use the family Hominidae to refer to the great apes and humans, the subfamily Homininae to designate chimps, gorillas, and humans (with the orangutan in the Ponginae), and the tribe Hominini to isolate humans and their fossil ancestors.
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