American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The theological principles of Cornelis Jansen, which emphasize predestination, deny free will, and maintain that human nature is incapable of good. They were condemned as heretical by the Roman Catholic Church.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A system of evangelical doctrine deduced from the writings of Augustine by Cornelius Jansen, Roman Catholic bishop of Ypres (1585-1638), and maintained by his followers. It is described by Catholic authorities as “a heresy which consisted in denying the freedom of the will and the possibility of resisting Divine grace,” under “a professed attempt to restore the ancient doctrine and discipline of the Church.” (Cath. Dict.) It is regarded by Protestant authorities as “a reaction within the Catholic Church against the theological casuistry and general spirit of the Jesuit order,” and “a revival of the Augustinian tenets upon the inability of the fallen will and upon efficacious grace.” (G. P. Fisher, Hist. Reformation, p. 451.)
- n. The Catholic doctrines of Cornelius Jansen and his followers, which emphasise original sin, divine grace and predestination.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of Jansen regarding free will and divine grace.
- n. the Roman Catholic doctrine of Cornelis Jansen and his disciples; salvation is limited to those who are subject to supernatural determinism and the rest are assigned to perdition
- From Jansen + -ism. (Wiktionary)
“About 1646 he fell in with some representatives of the religious revival within the Church which has become known as Jansenism -- after Jansenius, Bishop of Ypres, whose theological work is taken as the origin of the movement.”
“This heresy is known as Jansenism from the fact that its followers based their doctrine upon a treatise on St. augustine written by Jansenius, Bishop of Ypres 1585-1638, and published after his death in 1640.”
“In Austria, as elsewhere, what was called Jansenism implied Conciliar and Gallican ideas but also a stress on devotion and on works of charity and a genuine desire to raise spiritual standards.”
“The first is, that he will have the goodness to give me a pious and methodical successor, sound and firm against Jansenism, which is in prodigious credit on this frontier.”
“This is not "Jansenism" but simply a proper attitude to the Blessed Sacrament.”
“Besides, "Jansenism" was beginning to serve as a label for rather divergent tendencies, not all of which deserved equal reprobation.”
“Jansenism which is the work of a not very eminent bishop who wrote a”
“But in a man of the type of Pascal -- and the type always exists -- there is, I think, an ingredient of what may be called Jansenism of temperament, without identifying it with the Jansenism of Jansenius and of other devout and sincere, but not immensely gifted doctors. [”
“For example, Jansenism, one of the century's main theological movements, was certainly too important and influential to dismiss as "a rather grim sect," even if it found little official approval either by the Church or by the court.”
“If Jansenism is a scourge of spirituality, Rantzenism is a scourge of materialism.”
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