Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The most important genus of the Juncaceæ or rushes, containing about half of the species. They are plants of a rigid habit, with smooth, commonly simple and slender, hollow or pithy stems, and small greenish or brownish flowers in heads or irregular panicles, the capsule containing a large number of seeds. Economically they are not very important. They are often planted on sea- and river-embankments to fix the soil. Some are used for matting, especially in Japan, for chair-bottoms, and for bands. Their pith furnishes wicking for the rush candle or rush-light used in Europe and in China. Four fossil species of Juncus have been described from the Tertiary, one from Spitzbergen and the rest from the continent of Europe.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The type genus of the
Juncaceae, comprising the rushes; they are perennial tufted glabrous marsh plants of temperate regions.
- n. type genus of the Juncaceae; perennial tufted glabrous marsh plants of temperate regions: rushes
“Microscopic examination revealed these to be the digested remains mainly of a rushy plant called Juncus, identified by the shape of its epidermal cells, which still grows in marshes and along water courses in Egypt today.”
“The northern slopes also support wetland species such as Juncus maritimus, Typha australis, Scirpus holoschoenus, Phragmites australis and Equisetum ramosissimum.”
“The peat-bog is formed of Juncus effusus with Spagnum rugegense.”
“Dominated by soft rush (Juncus effusus) and fragrant water lily (Nymphaea odorata) is Lily Pond, an example of an intact urban ecosystem, located in Blue Heron Park, Staten Island.”
“Southern areas include such herbs as the Arctic poppies (Papaver spp.), wood rush (Luzula spp.), wire rush (Juncus arcticus), and moss.”
“The seasonally flooded hollows are covered with sea clubrush Scirpus maritimus, bulrush Schoenoplectus lacustris, rushes Juncus sp. and crowfoot Ranunculus baudotii.”
“Other typical species found here are Najas pectinata, Eichhornia crassipes, and Cyperus and Juncus spp. that grow along lake shores.”
“Puccinellia americana dominates marsh while Juncus balticus is found on higher marshes.”
“Vegetation consists of Phragmites australis, Typha capensis, and Juncus maritimus, with some small sedges.”
“There is also an increased abundance of grasses (Agrostis and Festuca), rushes and sedges (Juncus, Carex, Scirpus, and Cyperus), and small, colorful herbs.”
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