Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of American ericaceous shrubs belonging to the tribe Rhodoreæ distinguished by the open bell-shaped corolla and ten hypogynous stamens with elongated filaments. The anthers have the peculiarity (though free in the early bud) of becoming embedded in specialized pits or pockets of the corolla as it expands, the filaments bending over and acquiring tension, and finally straightening elastically, withdrawing the anthers suddenly, and projecting the pollen to some distance over adjacent flowers. The plants are for the most part handsome evergreen shrubs with shining leaves and showy flowers in corymbs. There are 6 species, one of which grows in the West Indies, and one extends to the Rocky Mountains and California, the remainder being confined to eastern North America. K. latifolia, the American laurel, also called
calico-bushfrom the color of its flowers, is one of the most wide-spread and beautiful of American shrubs, and was proposed by Darlington as the national emblem. It is a large shrub, often from 10 to 20 feet in height, with ample shining leaves and a profusion of very showy flowers varying from nearly white to deep pink. The stems are crooked and straggling, the bark brown and scaly, and the wood very hard and useful for various purposes. K. angustifolia, the sheep-laurel, lambkill, or wicky, is a smaller shrub with bright crimson or rose-colored flowers, common in New England, and ranging from Hudson's Bay to Georgia. It is believed to poison sheep when the deep snows of winter drive them to the extremity of eating it. K. glauca, the pale laurel, prefers cold peat-bogs, and is the only species that ranges across the continent. It is a low straggling bush, with the leaves whitened underneath, and lilac-purple flowers.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of North American shrubs with poisonous evergreen foliage and corymbs of showy flowers. Called also
mountain laurel, ivy bush, lamb kill, calico bush, etc.
- n. any plant of the genus Kalmia
- New Latin From Kalm + -ia, after the Finnish botanist Pehr Kalm. (Wiktionary)
“Among the extremely rare plants recently introduced into cultivation are two from the State of North Carolina, species which were but imperfectly known to botanical science, namely, the dwarf sumach (Rhus michauxi, Sargent) and the deciduous kalmia (Kalmia cuneata, Michaux).”
“In order to squeeze the technology into the netbook's small form factor, Samsung has developed its own LTE chipset, dubbed Kalmia - which the company is heralding as the first of its kind.”
“I cross the D.C. line, turn right onto Kalmia Road and park.”
“Out of Brooklyn, Rubblebucket's airy dance music profits from a lineup that includes horns, African percussion and Kalmia Traver on lead vocals.”
“(In the picture you can also see my little Kalmia mountain laurel ‘Minuet.’)”
“Heath balds represent the xeric extreme at higher elevations and are dominated by ericaceous shrubs such as Rhododenron catawbiense, R. minus, Kalmia latifolia and Leiophyllum buxfolium.”
“Higher elevation forests towards the east have yellow birch, mountain maple, sugar maple, beech, and eastern hemlock with extensive understories of mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) and rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.).”
“He recommends the dwarf "Elf" Kalmia latifolia 'Elf' to fill in the "leggy spaces" in front of rhododendrons.”
“But even greater diversification is possible by using other members of the heath family such as Japanese andromeda (Pieris japonica), usually called 'pieris, and mountin laurel (Kalmia).”
“The boreal forest in this ecoregion is characterized by dwarf, open and sometimes closed cover patches of black spruce (Picea mariana) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea) alternating with communities of dwarf kalmia (Kalmia polifolia) and mosses.”
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