American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A family of languages spoken in the Caucasus mountains that includes Georgian. Also called South Caucasian.
- n. a member of a group of related peoples in the South Caucasus, namely Georgians, Svans, Mingrelians and Lazs
- n. a Georgian person, from the endonym ქართველი (k'art'veli)
- n. a family of languages spoken by the Kartvelian people
- adj. pertaining to the Kartvelian peoples or languages such as Georgian.
- adj. same as Georgian (language or ethnicity)
- From Georgian ქართველი (k'art'veli) + -ian. (Wiktionary)
- From Georgian kartvel-, Georgia, Georgian. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Rather than believe in a sincere connection between these geographically well-separated languages which a good historican can tell immediately would be an utter fantasy, my instincts are telling me rather that some person or persons of the academically isolated Trombetti camp1, desperate to translate Etruscan by any unmethodological means, decided randomly that this Georgian word from the Kartvelian aka.”
“While Gamkrelidze and Ivanov have suggested that the Georgian word is borrowed from PIE **weinag-2, I must in all good conscience cite this with double asterisks rather than one because their shoddy evidence not only denies the plausibility of this alleged stem at the Proto-Indo-European stage, but it also makes it unlikely that *wenaq- is anything older than dialectal Kartvelian, restricted instead to the Georgian-Zan subset.”
“The mess with early gemination that I've been previously speaking about has oddly enough led me down a new quest: Proto-Kartvelian PK loans.”
“All in all, if I remember correctly without looking this up, the first dispersion of Kartvelian languages is dated to about 3600 BC, so it is likely a couple millenia younger than PIE.”
“It has not been approved, but I fear that in my previous comment I wrote of Klimov's Ancient Kartvelisms of Indo-European languages rather than Ancient Indo-Europeanisms in Kartvelian Languages.”
“Anyway, the point is Klimov dates a good number of IE roots found in Kartvelian to (1) Common Kartvelian, (2) Common Georgian-Zan, and (3) Common Georgian-Svan.”
“I am sorry I don't know anything about you so forgive me if this is too basic ... but are you looking at PK by yourself or do you have any knowledge of Kartvelian?”
“Petusek: "Also, notice that the Common Kartvelian '4' is reconstructed as *otxo- (resembling a centum-like source) by some and *os1txw/o- (resembling a satem-like source instead) by others.”
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