Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • A city of northeast Ukraine east of Kiev. Founded in 1656, it was an important 17th-century frontier headquarters of Ukrainian Cossacks who were loyal to the Russian czars. Today it is a major industrial center and transportation hub. Population: 1,460,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. An industrial city in eastern Ukraine, administrative centre of Kharkiv province.
  • proper n. Kharkiv province (oblast), in eastern Ukraine.
  • proper n. Kharkiv river in Ukraine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a city in northeastern Ukraine; former capital of the Ukraine

Etymologies

From Ukrainian Харків (Xárkiv) = Russian Харьков (Xár’kov). The city's name comes from the Kharkiv River. There is also a folk etymology that the city and river are named after a Cossack going by Харко (Xarkó) < Харько (Xar’kó) < Greek Χαρίτων (Khariton), but there is no hard evidence supporting this. (Wiktionary)

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