from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Poaceae — tufted grasses that include the ryegrasses.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A genus of plants including the darnel and ryegrass.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of grasses of the tribe Hordeeæ and subtribe Triticeæ.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. darnel; ryegrass
Sorry, no etymologies found.
_lolium_ is always translated Darnel, and so by common consent Darnel is identified with the Lolium temulentum or wild Rye Grass.
Grasses such as deer-tongue grass (Panicum clandestinum L.) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) tolerate more acidic conditions than tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea L.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.).
For example, ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is tolerant to Cu toxicity and is suitable for metal mine tailings.
In drier areas and on the well drained ridges are associations of Hordeum maritimum with Lolium multiflorum and Daucus carota or Nerium oleander and Ziziphus lotus.
The common Ray Grass (_Lolium_) is especially subject to the change in question, and among cultivated cereals, maize and wheat occasionally show this tendency to subdivision.
Sometimes these deviations from the ordinary position have the more interest as affecting characters used to distinguish genera; thus one of the distinctions between rye-grass (_Lolium_) and wheat
(_Triticum_) resides in the relative position of the spikelets and the main stem; in _Triticum_ the spikelets are placed with their backs against the rachis, in _Lolium_ with one edge against it; but in a specimen of rye-grass that has come under my own observation, the arrangement was that of _Triticum_.
_Epacris impressa_, and a bifurcation of the axis of the spikelet within the outer glumes in _Lolium perenne_  and _Anthoxanthum odoratum_.
Also the "bearded Darnel," _Lolium temulentum_ ( "intoxicated"), a common grass-weed in English cornfields, will produce medicinally all the symptoms of drunkenness.
Lolium temulentum, or bearded darnel, the only grass with a poisonous seed, "entirely like wheat till the ear appears".
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