Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Pl. lychnides (-ni-dēz). A ruby, sapphire, or carbuncle.
- n. [capitalized] [NL.] A genus of caryophyllaceous plants of the tribe Sileneæ, characterized by a 10-nerved calyx, or rarely one with many parallel nerves, and commonly 3 styles and a 3- or 6-valved capsule. They are usually erect herbs with opposite leaves and terminal cymes of showy flowers. About 40 species have been described, natives of the warm and temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. The names campion and lampflower are common to all plants of this genus. Several species are pretty wild flowers of the Old World, and several are common garden flowers. L. Chalcedonica, the scarlet lychnis, is perhaps the best-known; it is a rather coarse plant with dense fascicles of deep-scarlet flowers, also called
Jerusalemor Maltese cross, etc., and in the United States sometimes sweet-william. Another garden species is L. coronaria, the rose-campion or mullen-pink. L. Viscaria, from its glutinous stem, shares with plants of the genus Silene the name of catchfly. L. Flos-cuculi, the cuckoo-flower, crow-flower, or ragged-robin, with dissected petals, common in Europe, is also cultivated, at least in double forms. L. vespertina, with white flowers opening in the evening, is sparingly introduced from Europe into the United States; and from the same source, L. Githago, the corn-cockle, with purple flowers, has become too common in American grain-fields. L. diurna, the red campion, adder's-flower, etc., is a common British species. See campion.
- n. A plant of the genus Lychnis, especially L. Chalcedonica.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of Old World plants belonging to the Pink family (
Caryophyllaceæ). Most of the species have brilliantly colored flowers and cottony leaves, which may have anciently served as wicks for lamps. The botanical name is in common use for the garden species. The corn cockle (Lychnis Githago) is a common weed in wheat fields.
- n. mostly perennial herbs with sticky stems that catch insects; widespread in north temperate zone
“Lychnis does best in full sun with well-drained soil.”
“_Lychnis_ and _Silene_ (Fig. 98, _L_) also contain very showy species.”
“It is a well-known and favourite flower, and, of course, a very "old-fashioned" one; it is commonly called the Scarlet Lychnis, but there are other forms of it with white flowers, both double and single, and there is also a double scarlet variety.”
“(_Lychnis diurna_) is known as "mother-die," the belief being that, if children gather it, some misfortune is sure to happen to the parents.”
“_Lychnis dioica_, and much divided petals of _Rubus arcticus_.”
“-- The following species may be added to those already recorded: _Lychnis coronaria_, _Hibiscus mutabilis_, _Lotus major_, _Pisum sativum_, _Godetia_ sp.,”
“Sternbergianum_, &c. As an accidental occurrence, a similar thing has been noticed in _Lychnis coronaria_, _Phaius grandifolius_, _Oncidium cebolleta_, _Epidendrum elongatum_,  &c. &c.”
“Cockle, and in all parts of the Nottingham Catch-fly except the seeds; also in the wild Lychnis, and some others of the Pink tribe.”
“_Agrostemma (Lychnis) Coronaria_ var. _atropurpurea.”
“Lychnis and Parthus were given to Pleuratus; both these Illyrian cities had been subject to Philip.”
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