Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of plants of the order Cruciferæ and tribe Arabideæ, characterized by a long many-seeded silique, and stigmas often thickened or horned at the back. They are hoary herbs or low branching shrubs, with oblong or linear leaves, which are entire or sinuate, and with rather large flowers, usually purple or white and growing in bractless racemes. There are about 36 species, natives of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and western Asia. To this genus belong the numberless varieties of stock or stock-gillyflower of the gardens. M. incana includes the biennial sorts, the Brompton stock, queen stock, and others. It is wild along the Mediterranean coast-line, etc. (See
gillyflower, 3, and hopes.) M. annua of southern Europe, perhaps a variety of the last, furnishes the ten-week stocks. Another variety, by some considered a distinct species (M. Græca), is the smooth-leafed or wallflower-leafed stock. M. tristis, of southern Europe, is the dark-flowered or night-scented stock, with lurid flowers pleasantly fragrant in the evening.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A genus of Old World plants grown as ornamentals.
- n. genus of Old World plants grown as ornamentals
“In two flowers of _Matthiola incana_, that I observed to be joined together, there were eight sepals, eight petals, and ten perfect stamens, eight long and two short, instead of twelve.”
“Chorisis may also serve to account for some of these cases; thus, Eichler  figures a flower of _Matthiola annua_ with five long stamens instead of four; one of the long pairs of stamens has here undergone a greater degree of repetition than usual.”
“Moquin mentions having seen the stamens of _Matthiola incana_ and”
“In these _khets_ Reseda is very abundant, Heliotrope is also common; I picked up a Matthiola and a Pommereulla.”
“_Joussa_ grows abundantly on its immediate banks, together with excellent grass and some clover, one or two new Compositae, one of them a Matthiola, otherwise Artemisiae, Stipa, Centaurea spinaceis herb.”
“A few like the wall-flower (_Cheiranthus_) and stock (_Matthiola_) are cultivated for ornament.”
“He has observed it even between closely related forms (as Matthiola annua and gilabra) which many botanists rank only as varieties.”
“(_Matthiola sinuata_), the rare Sea-Cudweed (_Diotis candidissima_), and the Wild Asparagus (_A. officinalis_).”
“-- The Ten-weeks and the biennial or Brompton stocks (species of _Matthiola_) are found in nearly all old-fashioned gardens.”
“Matthiola or stock, in many forms; Wallflower-leaved; bicornis.”
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