Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the Medici, an illustrious family of Florence, appearing first as merchants of the medieval republic, and at the dawn of the Renaissance, in the fifteenth century, raised to supreme power through their liberality and merit. From this time on, for three centuries, amid fortunes of varying brilliancy, this family produced popes, sovereigns, and tyrants, and it occupies a large place in the history of Europe. In the fine arts and literature the epithet has particular reference to Cosimo dei Medici, known as Cosimo the Elder, and to Lorenzo the Magnificent. The former was virtual master of the Florentine republic from 1434 to 1464, and was a generous patron of the new art and letters founded on antique models; the latter was chief of the state in fact, though not in name, from 1469 to 1492, a brilliant protector of all learning, particularly of that of Greece surviving from the wreck of Constantinople, and a powerful benefactor of the arts. The Popes Leo X. (Lorenzo's son) and Clement VII. (Giulio dei Medici) carried on the traditions of the family in the fields of intellectual cultivation and achievement.
- adj. Alternative form of Medician.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or relating to the Medici, a noted Italian family.
“The Laurentian, also called the Medicean, XXXII. 9, of the early eleventh century, the excellent MS. at Florence which contains Sophocles,”
“The Laurentian, also called the Medicean, XXXII. 9, of the early eleventh century, the excellent MS. at Florence which contains”
“The name appeared first (1351) on the chart called the Medicean”
“In addition, he described of his discovery of the four moons circling Jupiter, which he called politically the Medicean stars (after the ruling family in Florence, his patrons).”
“Beginning in late 1609 and 1610, Galileo observed the topography of the moon, the phases of Venus, the Milky Way, sunspots, and four of Jupiter's moons (which he duly dubbed "the Medicean stars").”
“Associated Press A view of a collapsed medieval stone Medicean tower in the village of Santo Stefano di Sessanio, near L'Aquila.”
“Four Medicean stars dance about Jupiter, two Austrian about Saturn, &c., and all (belike) to the music of the spheres.”
“Medicean, Austrian, and Burbonian stars, that the heaven of the planets is indistinct, pure, and open, in which the planets move certis legibus ac metis.”
“The new Medicean people, Leo X, procured his release, and he retired to his small property at San Casciano, near Florence, where he devoted himself to literature.”
“Medicean rule during the life of Lorenzo appeared to have impressed”
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