Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A religious cult that worshiped Mithras, especially popular among the Roman military and a strong rival to Christianity during the late Roman Empire.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. An astrology-centric, middle-platonic mystery cult of the 1st-4th century Roman Empire that claimed to have been founded by "Zoroaster".

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proper n. The ancient Persian religion which worshiped Mithra; it was popular among Romans during first three centuries a. d.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The worship of Mithras.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. ancient Persian religion; popular among Romans during first three centuries a.d.

Etymologies

Translation (1903) of French mithriacisme, as used in 1899 by Franz Cumont as shorthand for "mystères de Mithra". Cumont was convinced that Mithraism was "Roman Mazdaism", hence his (and earlier) treatments of Latin Mithras and Avestan Mithra as synonyms, and the continuing de-inflection of the Latin name (vocative) as French Mithra. (Wiktionary)

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