Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Used formerly as a title for rulers of Hyderabad, India.
  • n. The Turkish army, especially in the 19th century.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad, in India, since 1719.
  • n. A regular soldier of the Turkish army. See army organization, above.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Tho hereditary title of the rulers of Hyderabad, India, derived from Asaf Jah, the founder of the dynasty, who had been appointed by the Mogul emperor as Nizam-ul-Mulk (Regulator of the State), and subahdar of the Deccan in 1713, but who ultimately became independent.
  • n. sing, and plural A soldier or the soldiers of the Turkish regular army.

Etymologies

Urdu nizām(-almulk), governor (of the empire), from Arabic niẓām, order, arrangement, from naẓama, to arrange; see nṭm in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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