from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A taxonomic order within the subdivision Polyneoptera — various insects including the cockroach, cricket, grasshopper, stick insect, etc..
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- plural proper n. An order of mandibulate insects including grasshoppers, locusts, cockroaches, mantids, crickets, katydids, etc. See Illust. under insect.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- An order of the class Insecta proposed by Olivier in 1789 for certain straight-winged insects which Linnæus had placed in Hemiptera, and to which De Geer in 1773 had restricted the order Hemiptera, placing the true bugs in a new order Dermaptera.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. grasshoppers and locusts; crickets
"incomplete metamorphosis" of the Orthoptera is the primitive one,
The goal of a larva is to be ingested by an adult insect such as Orthoptera (e.g. grasshopper) and Coleoptera (e.g. giant water beetle).
All of the seven species of stonefly are endemic and there are endemic genera of wetas (Orthoptera).
Lichen mimic grasshopper (Orthoptera sp.) of the western Andes (at 1000m), Ecuador.
The biodiversity of the tugai ecosystem is very rich with representative invertebrates, particularly within the insect orders Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, semi-Coleoptera, and Orthoptera.
Dominant insect groups include Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Cantharidae, Coccinellidae, Miridae and Orthoptera that are distributed in the arid/dry steppe.
Other groups like Orthoptera and Diptera species are almost 45 percent and 40 percent endemic respectively.
The scattered angiosperms here and in the foothills supported some host-specific herbivores with associated predators; they were also exploited (especially after exceptional rains) by a number of Orthoptera, Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera derived from migratory African populations and perhaps reinforced at intervals by additional groups of colonists.
Invertebrate stocks that colonized Ascension underwent a variety of evolutionary changes including phyletic evolution leading to endemic status, adaptation to subterranean life (Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones, Collembola, and Psocoptera), character release (phorid Diptera), and probably splitting of lineages (speciation) within the island (Isopoda, Collembola, and gryllid Orthoptera).
Numerous insect groups (Orthoptera, Homoptera, Tenebrionidae, Meloidae, Curculionidae, and Scarabaeidae) are well adapted to the arid desert steppe.
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