from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859. The last papal state—the Vatican City—was formally established as a separate state by the Lateran Treaty of 1929.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. One of the major historical states of Italy before the peninsula was unified in 1861. It comprised those territories over which the Pope was the ruler in a civil as well as a spiritual sense.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the temporal dominions belonging to the pope (especially in central Italy)
Father did have such states: they were called the Papal States, and the power he had over them -- just like that of any other ruler -- was called the temporal power.
North and west of the Papal States were the various city-states which were so thoroughly distinctive of Italian politics at the opening of the sixteenth century.
The keys and miter of the Papal States were a hard job, but up they went at last, with the yellow crescent of
As Pope he not only headed the Church, but also ruled the country in central Italy known as the Papal States, with Rome its capital.
And it’s not as though the Vatican was responsible for the fact that the Jewish Ghetto in the Papal States was the last to be dismantled anywhere in Europe.
The painter had been sentenced to death in the Papal States, and all that was needed to claim the reward was to deliver his head to Rome.
The painting was made for Francesco Maria I della Rovere, a mercenary who commanded the armies of Florence, the Papal States and later the Republic of Venice; he became duke of Urbino in 1504.
While the book examines several popes in the 17th and 18th centuries, the emergence of the major role of pastor, in addition to prince -- for the popes still had the Papal States to govern -- gained new prominence in the 19th century, where the role of pastor became pre-eminent as the Papal States were lost, finally, by Pope Pius IX 1846-1878.
The UK had diplomatic contacts with the Holy See in 1914, at a time when it had no claim to statehood because it had no territory (the Papal States had been extinguished by the Risorgimento in 1870).
Spain, Holland, Austria, France, The Papal States, Venice, Sweden, and Great Britain made use of these and other mercenaries at various points in those 258 years.
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