Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Relating to Paracelsus, a Swiss physician, chemist, and philosopher (1493-1541), or according with his speculations in philosophy or his practice of medicine, particularly the latter. He placed stress on observation and experiment, and was noted in the development of pharmaceutical chemistry. His philosophical views were visionary and theosophic.
- n. One who believed in or practised the views or doctrines of Paracelsus; especially, a medical practitioner of his school. Paracel-sians were numerous in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
- adj. Of or pertaining to Paracelsus.
- n. A proponent of Paracelsianism.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of, pertaining to, or in conformity with, the practice of Paracelsus, a Swiss physician and alchemist of the 15th century.
- n. A follower of Paracelsus or his practice or teachings.
“On the superb BibliOdyssey blog, one of my absolute internet favorites, there's a fascinating post today with scans from 'De Naturae Simia', by Robert Fludd, an English Rosicrucian, Paracelsian physicist, astrologer, and mystic.”
“Boyle was an advocate of corpuscularism, a form of atomism that was slowly displacing Aristotelian and Paracelsian views of the world.”
“Instead of defining physical reality and analyzing change in terms of Aristotelian substance and form and the classical four elements of earth, air, fire, and water — or the three Paracelsian elements of salt, sulfur, and mercury — corpuscularism discussed reality and change in terms of particles and their motion.”
“In the sixteenth century, Paracelsian chemistry reduced and rearranged the four elements to three active principles: sulfur, salt, and mercury.”
“Boyle published his Sceptical Chymist, which contained a vigorous criticism of the Aristotelian theory of elements and the Paracelsian theory of principles.”
“In 1941, Sigerist together with Gregory Zilboorg, Lilian Temkin, and myself issued Four Treatises of Paracelsus which contains my translation of the Paracelsian book on miners 'diseases, as well as Sigerist's translation of the book on "Nymphs, SylphsÂ and other Spirits.”
“ See the "Note on the Paracelsian Doctrine of the Microcosm" below.”
“The Paracelsian mercury, sulphur, and salt were the mineral analogues of these.”
“In the century between 1550 and 1650 conflicts between Paracelsian iatrochemists and more traditional Galenists were common.”
“Finally, the Paracelsian and iatrochemical adoption of the primary goal of the medical alchemy of the Middle Ages resulted in the permanent acceptance of chemistry as a legitimate tool of the physician and the pharmacist.”
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