from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Parmenides Born 515? B.C. Greek philosopher and a founder of the Eleatic tradition.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An Ancient Greek philosopher born in Elea, in southern Italy. Founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy; held the metaphysical view that being is the basic substance and ultimate reality of which all things are composed; said that motion and change are sensory illusions (5th century BC)
On the one hand, they cannot plausibly maintain that the cosmology is what their overall interpretation would lead one to expect, namely Parmenides 'own effort at developing a cosmology in accordance with his own strictures upon what the principles of such an account must be like.
There is no reason to doubt this story, but it gives us no more reason to call Parmenides a Pythagorean than to call Plato a Socratic or Aristotle a Platonist.
Mathematics has introduced, entirely from its own spontaneity, and under various names, several versions of completeness, any of which is remi - niscent of the notion of Parmenides, and, on the whole, finiteness is not implied automatically.
For example, to speak of Parmenides as a pre-Socratic or as pre-Platonic can be a value judgement as well as a chronological judgement. or we account Plato the greatest thinker in the West because his thinking has exercised the greatest influence upon western thought.
The most fundamental difficulty in a concept of reality such as Parmenides advanced is the implied if not explicit denial to the perceived world of any status in reality.
"Parmenides," says one, "had stumbled upon  the modern thesis that thought and being are the same."
The Greek debate over the continuous and the discrete seems to have been ignited by the efforts of Eleatic philosophers such as Parmenides (c.
[Footnote A: For instance, in Plato's "Parmenides," where it is shown that the ideas are not in the mind.
"Parmenides," says Hinton, "and the Asiatic thinkers with whom he is in close affinity, propound a theory of existence which is in close accord with a conception of a possible relation between a higher and
But idealists who deny the existence of change, like Parmenides, or the existence of material reality, like Berkeley, or the existence of cause and effect, like Hume.
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