American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Parmigianino, Il 1503-1540. Italian Mannerist painter and etcher whose work is characterized by elongation of form and includes Vision of Saint Jerome (1527) and The Madonna of the Long Neck (1534).
“Born there in 1503, Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, known as Parmigianino, came and went from the region, buffeted by the vagaries of papal warfare and his own erratic fortunes.”
“The exhibition includes prints by some of the finest Italian printmakers, such as Parmigianino and Marcantonio Raimondi, and later examples by major figures such as Pietro Testa and Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione.”
“The works are mostly of a satirical nature by greats such as Parmigianino and Romano.”
“Parmigianino would have erased his pair of debating prophets to signal the truth of the doctrine of Immaculate Conception, rather than the debates about it.”
“That is possible, because in another painting, which Google has also scanned, Parmigianino made a lone column as sign of the Virgin.”
“The art historian Sydney Freedberg thinks that Parmigianino had fully explored a certain style in the painting, so that it was "embalmed" or "entombed" and he didn't want to return to it.”
“At first, this painting, by the mannerist painter Parmigianino, looks perfectly finished.”
“Parmigianino died in 1540, and it is assumed this picture was incomplete at his death.”
“It's as if Parmigianino moved him to the left, but did not completely erase the original figure, or as if there were two prophets, and then he erased one.”
“If this account is right, the painting would be unfinished "in reverse": to finish it, Parmigianino would have effaced the half-finished portions of the temple.”
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