from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A member of a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought among Jews that flourished during the Second Temple Era (536 BCE–70 CE). The movement was ultimately the basis for most contemporary forms of Judaism.
- n. A person who values the letter of the law over the spirit or intention of the law.
From Hebrew פרושים (prushim) from פרוש (parush), meaning a "detached" one, a separatist, or one who is separated for a life of purity. (Wiktionary)