from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient maritime country of southwest Asia consisting of city-states along the eastern Mediterranean Sea in present-day Syria and Lebanon. Its people became the foremost navigators and traders of the Mediterranean by 1250 B.C. and established numerous colonies, including Carthage in northern Africa. The Phoenicians traveled to the edges of the known world at the time and introduced their alphabet, based on symbols for sounds rather than cuneiform or hieroglyphic representations, to the Greeks and other early peoples. Phoenicia's culture was gradually absorbed by Persian and later Hellenistic civilizations.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. the land of city states of the Phoenicians which around 1000 BC was situated on the coast of present day Syria and Lebanon, and included the cities of Tyre and Sidon.
- proper n. the trading empire of the Phoenicians which spread across most of the eastern Mediterranean Sea as far west as Sicily.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient maritime country (a collection of city states) at eastern end of the Mediterranean
Latin, from Phœnice ‘Phoenicia’, learned borrowing from Ancient Greek Φοινίκη (Phoiníkē), from φοίνικι (phoíniki) ‘Phoenicians’, from Mycenaean Greek po-ni-ki-jo, from Egyptian fnḫw (fenhku) ‘Canaanites, Syrians’. (Wiktionary)