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  • Some medium sized animals remain, such as the Cape baboon Papio ursinus, brown hyaena Hyaena brunnea, black-backed jackal Canis mesomelas, serval Felis serval and steenbuck Raphicerus campestris. 50 species of small mammals are still found, among them the spotted-necked otter Lutra maculicollis (VU) and the white-tailed rat Mystromus albicaudatis (EN).

    Vredefort Dome, South Africa

  • The fauna in the Swartberg and Cederberg protected areas reflects their location close to the fynbos-Karoo interface with species such as grysbok Raphicerus melanotis, grey rhebuck Pelea capreolus and klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus, steenbok Raphicerus campestris and grey duiker Sylvicapra grimmia, as well as karoo species not usually found in mountain fynbos such as springbok Antidorcas marsupialus.

    Cape Floral Protected Areas, South Africa

  • On the grasslands are eland, lesser kudu Tragelaphus imberbis, roan antelope Hippotragus equines, oribi Oreibia oreibi, Grant's gazelle Gazella granti, hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus, steenbock Raphicerus campestris, topi and oryx Oryx gazella, also buffalo Syncerus caffer.

    Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

  • Rarer species include Sanje crested mangabey Cercocebus galeritis sanjei, Uhehe red colobus Procolobus gordonorum (VU), black and white colobus monkey Colobus abyssinicus, topi Danaliscus lunatus and Sharpe's greysbok Raphicerus sharpei.

    Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania

  • The hotspot is also the home of several small solitary antelope species including the Cape grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis).

    Biological diversity in the Cape Floristic Region

  • The most common antelope species in the Cape mountains are the Cape grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus).

    Montane fynbos and renosterveld

  • Klipspringers (Oreotragus oreotragus), steenboks (Raphicerus campestris), baboons (Papio ursinus) and leopards (Panthera pardus) occur along the courses of the Kuiseb and Swakop Rivers.

    Namib desert

  • Nyala (Tragelaphus angasi), wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), steinbuck (Raphicerus campestris) and warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) are also common to the ecoregion.

    Zambezian coastal flooded savanna

  • The mammalian fauna of the Albany Thicket is characterized by different species of antelope including bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), grey rhebok (Pelea capreolus), mountain reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula), eland (Taurotragus oryx), greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), cape grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis) and common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia).

    Albany thickets

  • Also present, but more rarely seen ungulates include the following: common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei), buffalo (Syncerus caffer), steenbok (Raphicerus campestris), eland (Taurotragus oryx), and grysbok (Raphicerus sharpei).

    Western Zambezian grasslands

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