from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A genus of polypetalous shrubs and trees, including the buckthorn, type of the order Rhamnaceæ and of the tribe Rhamneæ.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Bot.) A genus of shrubs and small trees; buckthorn. The California Rhamnus Purshianus and the European Rhamnus catharticus are used in medicine. The latter is used for hedges.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun type genus of the Rhamnaceae: buckthorns


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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  • These ancient redwood forests and their tree-tops support myriad lichens, bryophytes and mosses as well as other vascular plants like salmonberry, huckleberry and Rhamnus trees growing some 240 feet above the earth.

    Dr. Reese Halter: Saving the Remaining Old Growth Redwood Forests 2010

  • Among the shrubs are Crataegus monogyna, Euonimus europea, Cornus mas, C. sanguinea, Rhamnus frangula, R. catharctica, Viburnum opulus, Berberis vulgaris, Hippophae rhamnoides, Tamarix spp. and occasional Corylus avellana.

    Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, Romania 2009

  • London 157 (1944 – 1945): 46 – 54; “The genus Rhamnus in Palestine.”

    Naomi Feinbrun-Dothan. 2009

  • The brushwoods, with participation of different species Cerasus, Rhamnus, Spiraea, and Cotoneaster are varied.

    Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe 2008

  • These relict forests include many Tertiary relict species such as Laurus nobilis, Arbutus unedo, Rhamnus alaternus, as well as several fern species, such as Woodwardia radicans, Culcita macrocarpa, and Stennograma pozoi.

    Cantabrian mixed forests 2008

  • The coastal plains of Palestine and the upper Jordan Valley are dominated by Hyparrhenia birta grasslands, with scattered thorny shrubs and small trees such as Paliurus spina-christii, Rhamnus palaestinus, Rhus tripartita, and Anagyris foetida.

    Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests 2008

  • Scrublands and the understory of drier more open forest stands support thorny shrubs such as Daurian buckthorn (Rhamnus dahuricus), hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida), and Daurian rose (Rosa dahurica).

    Northeast China Plain deciduous forests 2008

  • It is the fruit (Nabak classically Nabik) of Rhamnus Nabeca (or Sidrat) also termed Zizyphus Jujuba, seu Spina Christi because fabled to have formed the crown of thorns: in the English market this plum is called Chinese Japonica.

    The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night 2006

  • Spiny (Paliurus spina-christi) is a major understory shrub, as are Jasminum fruticans, Berberis iberica, Rhamnus pallasii, Cerasus spp., etc.

    Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe 2008

  • Small shrub species such as Lavandula dentata, Lycium intricatum, Calicotome villosa, Osyris lanceolata, Jasminum fruticans, and Rhamnus oleoides characterize open woodlands and more degraded shrublands.

    Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests 2008


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