American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- An empire that succeeded the Roman Republic during the time of Augustus, who ruled from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14. At its greatest extent it encompassed territories stretching from Britain and Germany to North Africa and the Persian Gulf. After 395 it was split into the Byzantine Empire and the Western Roman Empire, which rapidly sank into anarchy under the onslaught of barbarian invaders from the north and east. The last emperor of the West, Romulus Augustulus (born c. 461), was deposed by Goths in 476, the traditional date for the end of the empire.
- n. An empire that used to exist between 27 BCE and 476/1453 CE; it encompassed territories stretching from Britain and Germany to North Africa and the Persian Gulf.
- n. an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the eastern or Byzantine Empire; at its peak lands in Europe and Africa and Asia were ruled by ancient Rome
“Aristonicus, natural son of Eumenius II, endeavoured to restore the monarchy, but he was captured in 129 b.c. by Perpenna, and the kingdom was annexed to the Roman Empire under the name of”
“In the first century of our era, South Asians traded simultaneously with the Roman Empire to the west and the Han Empire to the east.”
“The establishment of Christianity as the official reli - gion of the Roman Empire in the fourth century re - sulted in the forcible suppression of paganism.”
“And this at a time, too, when men's minds were still full of Sulla's power; when some were thinking that they too might be Sullas; while the idea was still strong that a few nobles ought to rule the Roman Empire for their own advantage and their own luxury!”
“From his earliest manhood he had followed the drum, first under the veteran Dutch commanders in their long war against Catholic Spain and then under the greatest captain of the age, the veritable 'Lion of the North', King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, in his homeric struggle against the Imperial tyranny of the Holy Roman Empire on behalf of German Protestantism. '”
“He read The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire on a single train trip from New York to Los Angeles, and Das Kapital on the way back.”
“More than two thousand years ago, the great orator and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero is said to have foretold the decline and fall of the Roman Empire with these words, which exquisitely described the ravages wrought by lying politicians:”
“The same cause that produced in the later Roman Empire the disappearance of a middle class and the confronted lines of bureaucracy and a servile population, operated on the teutonized”
“Historical and political writer, etc. The Holy Roman Empire (1862), Transcaucasia and”
“And looking at history, we see Catholic France and Spain attaining the zenith of their national grandeur, whilst Germany was undermining and disintegrating that Holy Roman Empire vested in the German nation — an empire which was its glory, its strength, the source and mainstay of its culture and prosperity.”
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