- n. the ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC; was governed by an elected Senate but dissatisfaction with the Senate led to civil wars that culminated in a brief dictatorship by Julius Caesar
“There are excellent introductory essays in Nathan Rosenstein and Robert Morstein-Marx, A Companion to the Roman Republic Malden, Mass., and Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.”
“A lively and accessible overview is Philip Matyszak, Chronicle of the Roman Republic London: Thames & Hudson, 2003.”
“A classic and more detailed alternative is Thomas Rice Holmes, The Roman Republic and the Founder of the Empire, 3 vols.”
“After the expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus, Octavius Manilius, the tyrant of Tusculum, and son-in-law of Tarquinius, roused the Latin communes against the Roman Republic (507 B. C.); they were routed, however, at the battle of Lake Regillus (496 B. C.).”
“Tom Holland offers a vivid account of the final decades of the Roman Republic in Rubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic New York: Anchor, 2005.”
“Allen Mason Ward, Marcus Crassus and the Late Roman Republic Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1977, esp. pp. 8398, ch.”
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