from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Hinduism One who worships Shiva.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A worshiper of Siva or practicer of Shaivism.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One of an important religious sect in India which regards Siva with peculiar veneration.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A votary of Siva.
The Tamil classical tradition consists of two great components: an ethical treatise called Thirukural abbreviated Kural, authored by the great sage Thiruvalluvar, and a sophisticated Vedanta philosophical system called Saiva Siddhanta, which traces its origins to the Vedas and was nurtured by many Tamil savants over the centuries.
The south, however, placed its own impress on what it received and developed linga-worship, bhakti devotion to Vishnu and Siva, organization of Saiva monasteries and laymen, occasional violent religious intolerance, especially between adherents of Vishnu and Siva, and municipal and corporate life with a sacrificial spirit of personal loyalty.
He also built (c. 1169) a new edifice about the Saiva temple of Somanatha, which had been reconstructed by Bhimadeva I (102262) after destruction by the Moslems.
The Chalukya ruler, Jayasimha Siddharaja, a patron of letters, although himself a Saiva, organized disputations on philosophy and religion, and favored a Jain monk, Hemachandra, who converted and dominated Kumarapala.
Ajayapala, a Saiva reactionary, ordered the massacre of Jains and the sacking of their temples, until he was assassinated.
So too the Saiva and Vaishnava sculptures of the Das Avatara cave-temple at Ellora.
A successful invasion of Ceylon permitted assignment of Singhalese revenues to the Saiva great pagoda of Rajarajesvara, which Rajaraja I built at Tanjore, the masterpiece of baroque Dravidian architecture.
It records the erection of a Saiva temple and sectarian hostel.
As viceroy before accession, he was converted from Jainism to Vishnu by Ramanuja, at that time a refugee from Saiva persecution by the Cholas.
To the same Canarese dynasty, if not to the same reign, belong the equally classic Saiva sculptures of the cave-temples at Elephanta (an island in Bombay harbor).
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