American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A peak, 6,275.4 m (20,575 ft) high, of the Cordillera Oriental in southern Peru. It is the highest mountain in the range.
“Take a direct north-south bearing, you find to your astonishment that it bisects the Intiwatana stone, goes to the skyline, hits the heart of Salcantay, the second of the most important mountains of the Incan empire, and then beyond Salcantay, of course, when the southern cross reaches the southernmost point in the sky, directly in that same alignment, the Milky Way overhead.”
“Salcantay is viewed as male, and Veronica is its consort.”
“Salcantay is considered to be the brother of Ausangate, a high peak east of Cusco, and the two are thought to be equally powerful and the fathers of all the other mountains.”
“Viewed from Machu Picchu, the constellation we call the Southern Cross, which was also known and of some importance to the Inca, rises on east and sets on west of Salcantay, and at its highest point is directly above the mountain.”
“Reverence for Salcantay, the name is from salqa meaning wild or uncivilized, is recorded as early as 1583, and the mountain is still invoked in rituals to cure illness.”
“The trail winds through jungle with orchids and bromeliads, through a tunnel, and along ridge above Urubamba River to Puyupatamarca, our third camp (14 km), with stunning views of Salcantay, Veronica, and Pumasillo.”
“The highest is Salcantay, at 6,271 m (20,581 feet), which looks like a frozen Gibraltar on steroids.”
“Veronica and Salcantay are said speak to one another with thunder.”
“Veronica, more properly known as Huaca Huillca or Waqaywillca, and also called China (female) Salcantay.”
“There, at the fortress city of Vitcos and on the slopes of Salcantay and hundreds of other jagged peaks that reach west as far as the Apurimac, he established a new Inca state, a base from which he planned to wage guerrilla war until his forces were strong enough to reconquer the Americas.”
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