American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A country occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula. Inhabited since ancient times by nomadic Semitic tribes, the region was consolidated under Muhammed, who established a theocratic state at Medina and gained control of all Arabia by 630. After the caliphate was moved from Medina to Damascus in 661, the peninsula remained fragmented until most of it was united in the 18th century under the Saud family, who adopted the Wahhabi form of Islam. Crushed by Egyptian and Ottoman opposition in the 19th century, Saudi forces reconquered the peninsula in the early 20th century. The unified kingdom of Saudi Arabia was created in 1932 as an absolute monarchy under Wahhabi law. Oil was discovered in 1932 and soon became the mainstay of the economy. Riyadh is the capital and the largest city. Population: 27,600,000.
- n. Country in the Middle East, named after the Saud family. Official name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
- n. an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy
“One summer the King of Jordan and Foreign Minister Saud of Saudi Arabia came by for separate meetings more about that later, and the Rabins came from Israel and spent a weekend in the summer of 1992.”
“• Maniacal, zombielike “religious police,” such as those in Saudi Arabia who on March 11, 2002, allowed fifteen young girls to die horrible deaths when a fire broke out in their school in Mecca.”
“In 1987, when King Fahd of Saudi Arabia traveled to Britain on a state visit, he was presented a medal in the form of a cross by Queen Elizabeth II.”
“An example of this program was when Prince Sultan Salman Al-Saud of Saudi Arabia flew as a passenger on a mission carrying a Saudi communication satellite.”
“Thanks for the hospitable welcome and insights I was given in Saudi Arabia by Khaled Batarfi and Saad al-Jabri.”
“A classified Marine intelligence assessment dated August 17, 2006, found that AQI had become the de facto government of the western Iraqi province of Anbar, which is strategically important as it borders Jordan, Syria, and Saudi Arabia and makes up about a third of the landmass of Iraq.”
“Similarly, Mohammed Hafez, the author of the authoritative study Suicide Bombers in Iraq, found that of the 139 “known” suicide bombers in Iraq, fifty-three were from Saudi Arabia and only eighteen were Iraqi, while the rest came from other Arab countries and even Europe.”
“According to Chas Freeman, the U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia who worked closely with Schwarzkopf, there was a total failure of integration between military and political strategyexactly the kind of integration that a national security adviser and his staff are supposed to do.”
“Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb joined the already well-established franchises of Al-Qaeda in Iraq and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, which comprised many hundreds of militants in Saudi Arabia and Yemen.”
“Saudi Arabia wants dialogue since confrontation is not the Saudi way of dealing with things, said Marina Ottoway, director of the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.”
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