from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A small autumn constellation of the northern sky, said to resemble a shield. It lies between the constellations of Aquila, Sagittarius, and the tail of Serpens.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An oblong shield made of boards or wickerwork covered with leather, with sometimes an iron rim; -- carried chiefly by the heavy-armed infantry.
- n. A penthouse or awning.
- n. The second and largest of the four parts forming the upper surface of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is preceded by the prescutum and followed by the scutellum. See the Illust. under Thorax.
- n. One of the two lower valves of the operculum of a barnacle.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Roman antiquity, a large oblong shield of heavy-armed Roman legionaries, as distinguished from the small round shield, or clypeus.
- n. In anatomy, the knee pan; the rotula or patella. See cut under knee-joint.
- n. In zoöl, a plate, shield, buckler, or some similar part; a large scale; a scute; a scutellum; especially, some piece of dermal armor or exoskeletal formation, as one of the bony plates of a sturgeon or a crocodile, a piece of the shell of a turtle, a ring or plate of an armadillo, one of the great scales of a pangolin, the frontal shield of a coot, etc. See cuts under Acipenser, armadillo, carapace, coot, crocodile, pangolin, and shield.
- n. In old law, a penthouse or awning.
- n. In botany, the broad expansion of the style in plants of the milkweed family, especially in Stapelia.
Named by the astronomer Johannes Hevelius in 1687; from Latin scūtum ("shield"). The original name given was Scutum Sobiescianum (Sobieski's Shield) in commemoration of the victory of the Polish, Austrian, and German forces led by the Polish king Jan III Sobieski at the battle of Vienna. (Wiktionary)