from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to a Hellenistic dynasty founded by Seleucus I after the death of Alexander the Great. It ruled much of Asia Minor from 312 to 64 B.C.
- n. A member or subject of this dynasty.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. relating to the Greek-Macedonian dynasty which ruled (312 BC–63 BC) an empire created by Seleucus out of the eastern conquests of Alexander the Great
- n. a member of this dynasty
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to Seleucus or the royal dynasty of the Seleucids in Syria: as, a Seleucid coin.
- n. One of the Seleucidæ.
According to Ariel, It is rare to find Ptolemaic coins in Israel dating after the country came under Seleucid rule in 200 BCE.
Originally founded by the Seleucid branch of Alexander's empire about 300 B.C., the city hosted successive cultures, including the Romans, until it was sacked in A.D. 256 by Perso-Sassanians.
Hanukkah, the Feast of Dedication and rededication, celebrates and commemorates one of the first recorded fights for religious freedom; the successful revolt of an assimilated but strongly identifying Jewish minority against the much stronger cultural majority of the Seleucid Greeks.
But even with the withdrawal of Seleucid power from the Indus valley, Greek culture and influence survived in the distant East for centuries.
As in the Koran, the biblical Alexander has horns, though they are ten in number, representing the evil rulers of the Seleucid line who contended for control of Palestine after his death.
They launched a war against the Seleucid king, but were beaten down by his troops and a garrison of his soldiers was established on a citadel north of the Temple.
In Hebrew School we learned the story of the Maccabees, men who fought for their right to remain Jewish in the Hellenistic world of the Seleucid Empire when King Antiochus tried to ban Judaism.
The author of 1 Maccabees portrayed the Maccabean revolt as a rising of pious Jews against the annihilation of their religion by the oppressive, Hellenizing Seleucid king and the Jews who supported him.
Judah Maccabee led the Jewish revolt against the Syrian-Greek armies of the Seleucid Empire, who had banned Jewish religious practices, and successfully restored worship at Jerusalem's Holy Temple.
To the Maccabbees, the guerrilla band that they assembled to fight the Greek Empire and its Seleucid dynasty in Syria, and to many of the Jewish supporters of that struggle, the issue of Greek militarism, social injustice and oppression were far more salient than the accomplishments of Greek high culture.
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