Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Judaism The Sabbath.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The Jewish Sabbath, from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday, commemorating God's rest on the seventh day in the book of Genesis.
  • proper n. The ceremonial Shabbat meal, in which candles are lit and bread and wine consumed.

Etymologies

Hebrew šabbāt, sabbath; see Sabbath.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Hebrew שבת (shabát, "rest"). Variants ending in -s were influenced by the Yiddish form שבת (shabes). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • It probably was no coincidence that, earlier this week, in the midst of all the debate, Israeli archeologists announced the discovery of a rock with an ancient inscription in Hebrew of the word "Shabbat."

    The Globe and Mail - Home RSS feed

  • It too is a manifesto of sorts, as a once reluctant Shulevitz - whose mother and father disagreed bitterly about how and whether to observe Shabbat - surrenders to what she calls Shabbat's "fantasy of wholeness."

    New Jersey Jewish News

  • Shabbat is a holy day, and the Torah is a holy book.

    Can you love God and feminism? - Feministing

  • The Hebrew word for return is shuvah, hence the Sabbath is known as Shabbat Shuvah or the Sabbath of Return.

    The Guardian World News

  • That concept of the Sabbath -- or, in Hebrew, Shabbat -- became so central to living a healthy life that God codified it in the Ten Commandments with the words:

    Danielle Tumminio: Black Friday And The Importance Of Sabbath Rest

  • It's really not that inconceivable that every culture could take this on - it's already a practice to observe one day of rest, whether or not it's called Shabbat, not only for Jews but for Christians, Muslims and even Wiccans.

    James M. Lynch: Saving the World in One Day - Shabbat Around the World

  • Separate from any actual observances, there are plenty of valuable messages from shemitah: the idea of Shabbat on a longer timescale, mandating rest both for people and for the land; recognition of human impact on the environment; etc.

    The seventh year | Jewschool

  • Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, the great modern scholar and philosopher, calls Shabbat a “cathedral in time” rather than in space.

    THE BLESSING OF A SKINNED KNEE

  • This Shabbat is known as Shabbat Shirah, the Shabbat of Song, because in this week's Torah portion, we sing the first song in the Torah: Shirat HaYam, the Song at the Sea.

    J. Weekly

  • I don't remember that, but I do recall the Shabbat lights flickering, and the spirit of that holy day surrounding us, while my father, who appeared in my eyes to be eight feet tall with the guts and bulk of the Hulk, refusing to budge on Little Joe's request for Linda's return.

    Wake Up From Your Slumber - The Truth Will Set You Free

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