from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient country of southern Mesopotamia in present-day southern Iraq. Archaeological evidence dates the beginnings of Sumer to the fifth millennium B.C. By 3000 a flourishing civilization existed, which gradually exerted power over the surrounding area and culminated in the Akkadian dynasty, founded c. 2340 by Sargon I. Sumer declined after 2000 and was later absorbed by Babylonia and Assyria. The Sumerians are believed to have invented the cuneiform system of writing.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Earliest known civilization of the ancient Near East (4th to 3rd millennia BC), located in lower Mesopotamia.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
However, Lothal was a port that traded in those days with what we refer to as Sumer or Mesopotamia and people from Lothal migrated to all places including Middle East and what is now known as Sri Lanka.
A FEW WEEKS AFTER we arrived, our Lebanese friend Rebecca took us to dinner at the hotel where she was staying, which was called the Sumer Land.
So herewith, "Sumer is Ycomen In" played by some border pipes, medieval pipes, Scottish small pipes, a couple of Cornish double chanter pipes, a Leicestershire small pipe, a bass clarinet (or two?) and heaven knows what else.
The writing is just a metaphor, mind; imagine that turning of a page represents the telling of a tale, the act of spoken recitation, beginning not in Sumer but long before.
I would suggest you look to the transitions between federation and empire in Sumer and its reflection in the mythology of ownership and control of the me, in which we can see, laid out for us, a story of the gradual usurpation of the Law and its subordination to the Will of the King of Gods (of which Marduk is probably the prime example).
Somewhere in Sumer, long before the Hebrews wrote of it in Genesis, a man once looked into those heavens and saw time's turnings, as measured as Newtonian mechanisms, counted out by the soss, the ner, the sar and the great sar.
The 4th millennium B.C. when writing is developed in Sumer.
In fact, according to one scholar, as soon as people started taking enough notice of themselves to put stylus to clay tablet—in around 5000 B.C., 4,500 years before Hippocrates, in the Mesopotamian society known as Sumer—they wrote down a story about a whopping case.
At about 5,000 to 6,000 B.C. the Lyraens still living on Mars; decided to colonize a stretch of land that would be called Sumeria or Sumer, which is the origin of the Caucasian race.
The first such city (that we know of) was called Sumer, and its occupants were the Sumerians.
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