Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The tenth month of the year in the Jewish calendar. See Table at calendar.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The tenth month of the civil year in the Jewish calendar, after Sivan and before Av.
  • proper n. A Sumerian god of food and vegetation.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A Hebrew month of twenty-nine days, being the tenth of the civil and the fourth of the sacred year. It corresponds to part of June and part of July.
  • n. A Syrian deity, same as the Phenician Adon or Adonis, in whose honor a feast was held every year, beginning with the new moon of the month Tammuz. Also Thammuz.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. Sumerian and Babylonian god of pastures and vegetation; consort of Inanna
  • n. the tenth month of the civil year; the fourth month of the ecclesiastic year (in June and July)

Etymologies

Hebrew tammūz; akin to Iraqi Arabic tabbūz, July, both ultimately from Sumerian dumu-zi, Dumuzi, a dying and rising shepherd god : dumu, son, offspring + zi, true, effective.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Hebrew תַּמּוּז, from a Sumerian god's name (see #Etymology_2). (Wiktionary)
From Sumerian 𒌉𒍣 (DUMU.ZID, "the true son"). (Wiktionary)

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