from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A subfamily of the Altaic language family spoken in eastern Siberia and northern Manchuria that includes Evenki and Manchu. Also called Manchu-Tungus.
- adj. Of or relating to Tungusic or its speakers.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A language family spoken in Inner Mongolia and parts of Siberia.
- adj. Of or pertaining to these languages or their speakers.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to the Tunguses.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- A designation applied to a group of Ural-Altaic or Scythian tongues spoken by tribes in the northeast of Asia. The most prominent dialect is the Manchu, spoken by the tribes who conquered China in 1644.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a family of Altaic languages spoken in Mongolia and neighboring areas
- n. any member of a people speaking a language in the Tungusic family
Given that many languages borrow words and that English is one of the biggest borrowers of words from other languages, "shaman" is a currently accepted English word with roots in Russian and Tungusic languages.
Proto-Japonic had a four-vowel system */a i u ə/, and the last vowel is not preserved in Proto-Tungusic at all, so I don't see how the 2nd and 3rd vowels could be reconstructed with any more precision.
The Jurchen were a Tungusic Manchu people whose homeland was in northern Manchuria and the adjacent region of southeastern Siberia across the Amur River.
Archaeology and physical anthropology indicate a close connection with the Koreans and Tungusic peoples of northeastern Asia.
It was made up of Kogury remnants and several Tungusic peoples (largely Malgal) living in central Manchuria (the present Heilongjiang Province in China).
Several decades earlier, in eastern Manchuria, NURHACHI (15591626, Taizu) had organized militarily (1615) under eight banners a group of Tungusic tribes.
Turanians on the North and East, to the Tungusic, Mongolic, Tartaric, and Finnic tribes.
They were expelled by another Tungusic tribe, the Ju-chen or Niu-chen (1125), and retired to Kasgaria, where they created the empire of Kara-k'itai or Si-liao from the territory of the Kara-khanides; the Niu-chen, at first vassals of Korea, became independent under Hien-phu.
The Sung were attacked by the Eastern Tatars or K'itans of Tungusic (Tatar) origin, who founded in Northern China a dynasty, under Ye-liu
The Manchus are descended from a branch of certain wild Tungusic nomads, who were known in the ninth century as the Nü-chêns, a name which has been said to mean "west of the sea."
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