American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of a group of philosophical treatises contributing to the theology of ancient Hinduism, elaborating on the earlier Vedas.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Sanskrit lit., a name given to a series of treatises of theosophic and philosophic contents. They are of different dates. They exhibit the earliest attempts of the Hindu mind to penetrate into the mysteries of creation and existence.
- n. An authorless Hindu religious and philosophical text considered to be an early source of the religion, found mostly as the concluding part of the Brahmanas and in the Aranyakas.
- n. a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions
- Sanskrit upaniṣad : upa, under, near; + ni, down + sīdati, sad-, he sits. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Davids agrees, the word Upanishad is equivalent to our word "sitting" or”
“Elsewhere she compares a "Mantra Against Your Wife's Lover," from the "Brihadaranyaka Upanishad" -- a Sanskrit philosophical text from 500 B.C. -- to "a Noel Coward drawing room comedy.”
“He does not torment himself by asking what good have I left undone, what evil have I done? "] [Footnote 170: The word Upanishad probably means sitting down at the feet of a teacher to receive secret instruction: hence a secret conversation or doctrine.] [Footnote 171: Some allusions in the older Upanishads point to this district rather than the Ganges Valley as the centre of Brahmanic philosophy.”
“The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad explains that, after death, smoky human souls waft up to the moon the way a berry detaches from its stem.”
“Atharvan is later than this Upanishad, which is improbable.”
“_ Thus it is said that all the gods are one god, and this is _pr [= a] na, _ identical with _brahma_ (Brihad [= A] ranyaka Upanishad, 3.9.9); or _pr [= a] na_ is so used as to be the same with spirit, though, on the other hand,”
“For clauses such as 'he is to meditate on the Udgîtha' intimate only that the Udgîtha is connected with the meditation; while their connexion with certain results is known from other clauses, such as 'whatever he does with knowledge, with faith, with the Upanishad, that is more vigorous' (according to which the result of such meditations is only to strengthen the result of the sacrifices).”
“United India Colony, Ayanavaram, 6-45 p.m. Mundaka Upanishad: Satyavratananda Saraswati, Samskrita Bharati,”
“Great Regulars: The word 'Upanishad' is derived from Sanskrit word 'Upa' (Near), 'Ni' (Down), and 'Shad' (to sit).”
“Poetry & Poets in Rags: Great Regulars: The word 'Upanishad' is derived”
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