Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of a group of philosophical treatises contributing to the theology of ancient Hinduism, elaborating on the earlier Vedas.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. An authorless Hindu religious and philosophical text considered to be an early source of the religion, found mostly as the concluding part of the Brahmanas and in the Aranyakas.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Sanskrit lit., a name given to a series of treatises of theosophic and philosophic contents.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions

Etymologies

Sanskrit upaniṣad : upa, under, near; + ni, down + sīdati, sad-, he sits.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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