American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Wovoka Also called Jack Wilson. 1858?-1932. Paiute religious leader who founded the Ghost Dance movement. The movement faded when a number of its followers, thought to have supernatural protection, were massacred at Wounded Knee (1890).
“Wovoka aka Jack Wilson, was a religious leader and shaman of the Paiute Indians.”
“Wovoka also discouraged the practice of mourning, because the dead would soon be resurrected, demanding instead the performance of prayers, meditation, chanting, and especially dancing through which one might briefly die and catch a glimpse of the paradise-to-come, replete with lush green prairie grass, large buffalo herds and Indian ancestors.”
“Wovoka, son of the mystic Tavibo, drew on his father's teachings and his own vision during an eclipse of the sun.”
“A phenomena swept the American west in 1888 by Paiute holy man Wovoka from Nevada ..”
“The first movement petered out but was renewed in 1889 by Wovoka, a Paiute medicine man, who was influenced by the Bible, Jesus Christ, and the round dances of the white people.”
“On January 1, 1889, during a total eclipse Wovoka had a powerful vision.”
“But the vision of the peaceful Paiute dreamer, Wovoka, had come to an end with the Battle of Wounded Knee.”
“It is begun through a vision by a Paiute warrior, Wovoka.”
“The story of Wovoka was carried swiftly across the plains.”
“This dance was the ghost dance, and Wovoka believed the Indians must dance it if they wished to bring back the old days of glory, the old days of the buffalo.”
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