American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Music At the discretion of the performer. Used chiefly as a direction giving license to alter or omit a part.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. At pleasure; to the extent of one's wishes. Specifically, in music, indicating that the time and expression of a passage are left to the feeling and taste of the performer. In the case of cadenzas and other ornaments, the phrase indicates that the performer may omit them or substitute others in their place. An accompaniment is said to be ad libitum when it may be used or omitted. Often abbreviated, in speech as well as writing, to ad lib.
GNU Webster's 1913
- At one's pleasure; as one wishes.
- adv. without advance preparation
- Latin ad, according to + libitum, past participle of libēre, to please. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
““Farz,” or obligatory prayers and ad libitum with the”
“These tropes added to liturgical texts ad libitum were contained in special books,”
“+ The intonations or chants ad libitum, Asperges me, Gloria in excelsis, and the more solemn tones of the Prefaces must not be placed in the body of the Missal, but only at the end, in the forms of a supplement or appendix; to them (the ad libitum intonations or chants) may be added, either in the Missals or in separate publications of the chanted parts, the chants of the "Toni communes", already published in the "Gradual", which have reference to the sacred ministers.”
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