Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- The members of an ancient Roman family who traced their origin and name to a common ancestor through the male line, under whose paternal power they would be if he were living; hence, in law, relations exclusively in the male line. See agnate.
“But relations by the father's side were also called agnati, to distinguish them from cognati, relations only by the mother's side.”
“ Agnates (_agnati_) are relatives by blood or through adoption on male side only; cognates (_cognati_) are blood-relatives on either male or female side.”
“By _agnati_ generally in Roman law were meant relations by the father's side; here it signifies children born after there was already an heir to the name and property of the father.”
“His direct lineal descendants are excluded, as we have said, from the island for ever; but his relatives, by whom we presume to be meant his _cognati_ or kinspeople in the female line, not his _agnati_, are allowed to live in Kandy, suffering only the slight restriction of confinement to one street out of five, which compose this ancient metropolis.”
“Those of the same gens were called gentiles, and those of the same family, agnati.”
“If there were no _agnati_, the goods were given to the _gentiles_, male relatives of the clan bearing the same name.”
“Secundum leges Romanas cnin nientc capti & furiofi non erant fui juris, nec ipli bona iua adniiniftrabant, ied proximi agnati corum tute - hm gerebant.”
“_consanguinitas_, that is, that of daughter to father, or granddaughter through a _son_, the female line must at once turn aside, and had no powers; the estate descended to the _agnati_, that is, male relatives on the father's side.”
“[3: Male relatives on the father's side -- agnati -- were guardians in such cases; these failing, the judge of the supreme court (praetor) assigned one.”
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