Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A league of neighboring ancient Greek states sharing a common religious center or shrine, especially the one at Delphi.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A religious foundation or co-operative shared between Greek city states during the classical period, typically to support the temple or cult of a deity shared by the city states. Also used academically to refer to similar arrangements in non-Greek cultures.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Greek history, a league of peoples inhabiting neighboring territories or drawn together by community of origin or interests, for mutual protection and the guardianship in common of a central sanctuary and its rites.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an association of neighboring states or tribes in ancient Greece; established originally to defend a common religious center

Etymologies

Greek Amphiktuonia, from amphiktuones, variant of amphiktiones, neighbors : amphi-, on the periphery; see amphi- + ktizein, to settle; see tkei- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek ἀμφικτυονία (amphiktuonia), from ἀμφί (amphi, "around, near") + κτίζω (ktizō, "I found, people") (Wiktionary)

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