Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The outward curve at the top and bottom of a column where the shaft joins the capital or base.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A curvature found on the top or bottom of certain columns.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In architecture: That part of a column of one of the more ornate orders which is molded into a concave sweep where the shaft springs from the base or terminates in the capital. Sometimes called the scape or spring of the column. See order. The hollow or scotia beneath the echinus of the Doric capital, occurring in some archaic examples, and relinquished as the style advanced. Also called apophysis and congé.

Etymologies

Greek apophugē, from apopheugein, apophug-, to flee : apo-, apo- + pheugein, to flee.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek αποφυγή (apophugē), from απο- (apo-, "away") and φυγή (phugē, "flight"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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