American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Crude potassium bitartrate, a by-product of winemaking.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Unrefined or crude tartar; a hard crust, consisting of potassium bitartrate, formed on the sides of vessels in which wine has been fermented. It is purple or white according to the color of the wine. Argol is used by dyers to dispose the stuffs to take their colors; and the purified bitartrate, called
cream of tartar, is used in medicine, cooking, and the processes of tinning and silvering. It is also a constituent of most baking-powders. Also written argal, argoll, argall, orgal.
- n. A cake of dried camel's dung, used by the Mongols as fuel.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. It exists in the juice of grapes, and is deposited from wines on the sides of the casks.
- Middle English argoile, from Anglo-Norman argoil, ultimately from Latin argilla, clay; see argil. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Steep in a fresh liquor of Barilla ash or soda plus sheep's dung, olive oil and white argol.”
“_Orange: _ -- For five pounds of goods, muriate of tin six tablespoonfuls, argol four ounces; boil and dip one hour and add again to the dye one teacupful of madder; dip again one-half hour.”
“Or without argol or tartar, but I think their use is beneficial.”
“The Mongols, like so many Eastern peoples, suffer much from inflammation of the eyes, the result of dirt, and even more of the acrid argol smoke filling the yurts so that often I was compelled to take flight.”
“It is not advisable to use more argol than is here given, for (p. 087) although a little excess will not materially affect the beauty or brilliancy of the resulting shade, yet such excess is wasteful, and makes the dyeing cost more than it otherwise would.”
“-- Mordant by boiling with 4 lb. alum and 1 lb. argol, then dye with 6 lb. logwood, 6 oz. cudbear and 3 oz. indigo extract.”
“When tartar, argol, oxalic acid, lactic acids and other assistants of an organic nature are used, then a different effect is obtained, the bichromate is completely decomposed, and a deposit of chromium oxide formed on the wool.”
“With these (p. 116) are used sulphuric acid, oxalic acid, cream of tartar or argol, lactic acid, etc.”
“Alumina is applied either in the form of alum or of sulphate of alumina, argol or tartar being used as the assistant, oxide of alumina being deposited on the fibre.”
“-- Mordant the wool by boiling one and a half to two hours in a bath made with 5 lb. copperas, 2 lb. bluestone, 2 lb. alum, and 10 lb. argol.”
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