from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Having a long bristle at its apex.
- adj. Having a pointed, beard-like process, like those of the glumes of wheat; awned.
- adj. Having a slender, sharp, or spiny tip.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Having a pointed, beardlike process, as the glumes of wheat; awned.
- adj. Having a slender, sharp, or spinelike tip.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Awned; having a pointed, beard-like process, like that of barley. See cut under barley.
The _third_ and _fourth glumes_ are half-amplexicaul, empty, epaleate, flabelliform, 4-lobed, 7-nerved, shortly awned at the back, villous; the side lobes are acuminate or aristate and the central lobes are shortly awned.
The second glume is narrow lanceolate, longer than the first, 3 - to 5-nerved, hispidly villous dorsally below the middle and on the sides, aristate or awned.
The third glume is oblong lanceolate, hyaline, acute or aristate, 1-nerved, male or neuter, with a linear palea.
The _second glume_ is longer than the first, 1/5 inch long, sub-chartaceous, lanceolate, 3-nerved, 2-fid at the tip and awned or aristate, margin hyaline and with long brownish hairs on the marginal nerves.
Curious transformation in Carthamus was observed, either affecting the involucrum alone, when those branches that would have become flowers become clavate, covered with very dense aristate leaves, or affecting the florets which become more or less converted in the branches.
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