from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Rough or harsh; severe, stern, serious.
- n. Any one of several small coins, circulated around the eastern Mediterranean area from the 12th to 17th centuries.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce.
- n. The rough breathing; a mark (ʽ) placed over an initial vowel sound or over ρ to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced with h before it; thus "ws, pronounced hōs, "rh`twr, pronounced hrā"tōr.
- n. A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Rough; rugged; harsh; cruel; savage.
- n. In Greek grammar, a sign (′ ) placed before or over an initial vowel or
ρto show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced as if h preceded it; the rough breathing. Thus, ο=ς= hos; ῤίς= hris.
- n. An old Egyptian and Turkish silver coin: now only a money of account.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. 20 aspers equal 1 kurus in Turkey
From Old French aspre (modern âpre), from Latin asper ("rough"). (Wiktionary)
Middle English, from Middle French aspre or Italian aspro, both from Ancient Greek ἄσπρον (aspron), from neuter of ἄσπρος (aspros, "white"), from Latin asper ("rough, newly minted") (Wiktionary)